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Latest Germination Test: September, 2023
Germination Percentage: 94%
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|Germination time||7-14 days|
|Hours of sunlight||6-8 hours per day, in full sun|
|Ideal climate for sowing||All season crop, can be grown in summer, rainy season (avoid extreme winter)|
|Plant height||3-4 feet|
|Organic fertilizer requirement||1-2 cups of Decomposed cow dung or Vermicompost, or 1 tablespoon of Bone meal(optional) per plant per week|
|Life span||6-8 months|
|Ideal growing temperature||24-35°C|
|Harvesting time||75-80 days after sowing|
|Watering frequency||Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged|
|Ideal grow bag size||12x12 grow bag, 12x24 grow bag, 24x24x12 rectangular grow bag, 36x24x12 grow bed,|
|Number of seeds||100+|
Specifications of Tomato seeds
Tomato is a flowering plant cultivated for its edible fruits, which is labelled as a vegetable. There are numerous ways to grow tomatoes. They can be grown easily, cheap and healthy.
Larger varieties love to grow in open ground areas. In contrast, smaller varieties can be grown in grow bags (which have great airflow, easy to carry and are cheaper compared to other containers) pots or even in hanging baskets. But it should not be planted very close to avoid fungal attack.
Benefits / Uses of Tomato
Tomatoes are rich in vitamin B and C essential amino acids, sugar, dietary fibres, iron, potassium, vitamin K, minerals, nutrients, and good sources of phytochemical lycopene. They have the goodness of containing the anti-cancer compound lycopene. These seeds are even open-pollinated, which means the seeds can be reused from harvested tomatoes.
Planting and care for Tomato
Every tomato seed contains a tiny tomato plant that is alive but dormant, which means it's just waiting to grow. When the environmental conditions, soil and climatic conditions are right, the seed will start to germinate, and the tiny tomato plant will sprout from the tomato seed and begins to grow.
Sowing Tomato seeds
Sow the seeds in moist soil inside a growbag, but the soil should not be over damp or soil dripping with water.
The seed should be planted 1/4 inch deep.
Pre-soaking of seeds in warm water overnight before planting them helps to soften the seed coat and speed up the seed germination.
Tomato is a warm-season crop.
It requires a warm climate and adequate moisture.
Keep the soil moist always by slightly sprinkling the water over that area in the morning and evening.
Overwatering in tomato plans shows early signs include cracked fruit and bumps on the lower leaves. Use grow bags with drainage holes to avoid overwatering.
If the overwatering continues, the spots or blisters on the plant leaves turn corky.
The soil should have good water holding capacity, aeration and It should be free from salts.
Don't expose the germination trays or grow bags in direct sunlight until the seeds get germinated. Maintaining a warm temperature leads to faster germination than very cold or scorching weather.
Move the grow bags to the sunlight as soon as the tomato seedlings break the surface and come out. Generally, the tomato plants will grow with branches spreading to 60-180cm (24 to 28 inches), but some are small, compact, and upright.
- Usage of organic growth promoters like panchagavya and fish amino acid help in improved flowering and overall health of the plant.
- 50 to 60 days are required for early-season tomatoes, 60 to 80 days are needed for mid-season tomatoes, 80 or more days are needed for late-season tomatoes.
Precautions While Growing Tomato
Soil should be loam, sticky to give a higher yield because they have high water holding capacity.
Soil with a pH level of 5.5 to 7.0 is most suitable for tomato production.
Common problems affecting Tomato Plants and solutions
The tomato plant will be susceptible to many pests and diseases such as early blight, fusarium wilt, late blight, bacterial wilt, verticillium wilt, mosaic virus, and Tomato hornworms.
The tobacco mosaic virus causes a common tomato disease. Handling cigarettes and other infused tobacco products can transmit the virus to other tomato plants. Leaves with a purple coloration may indicate a phosphorus deficiency, and yellow colour leaves may indicate nitrogen deficiency.
Many of the problems can be controlled by using various pesticides and fungicides and also by crop rotation. Baking soda and compost tea have fungicidal properties that can stop, resist or reduce the spread of early and late blight.
Although there are no such diseases, fertilize them with complete soluble organic fertilizer if tomato leaves become yellow and purple. The pesticides, fungicides and even various fertilizers can be purchased from online stores such as. The production rate and quality of fruit are based on the nutrients the plants get. So, the plant should be fertilized correctly and in the required quantity.
Closer spacing of plants produces higher yields than wide spacing, but too-close spacing will make air circulation diseases. Closer plantation of Tomato reduces air circulation, lower light penetration thus reduces the production rate and results in conditions.
Good drainage, sufficient light (can be given artificially), and aeration are essential for tomato seeds. If a fluorescent light is used for lighting, keep the seedlings 2 to 4 inches below the lamps; otherwise, the seeds will become saggy. Soggy soil may cause tomato seeds to rot. Insufficient light can lead to weak and spindle plants. Controlling humidity, cleaning up old plant debris, removing weeds, controlling insects, and overhead watering can help prevent all these diseases.Other Names
Botanical name: Solanum lycopersicum L.
Organic Desi Tomato name in Tamil: தக்காளி (Takkāḷi)
Organic Desi Tomato name in Malayalam: തക്കാളി (Takkāḷi)
Organic Desi Tomato name in Kannada: ಟೊಮೇಟೊ (Ṭomēṭo)
Organic Desi Tomato name in Telugu: టమాట (Tomāṭa)
Organic Desi Tomato name in Marathi: टोमॅटो (Ṭomǎṭo)
Organic Desi Tomato name in Hindi: टमाटर (Tamāṭar)
Organic Desi Tomato name in Bengali: টমেটো (Ṭomeṭo)
No. of Tomato Seeds in a packet - 100+
- Mix 10 grams of pseudomonas powder in water and make it as a loose paste. (optional)
- Add the seeds to the solution and soak it for 30 minutes. (optional)
- Take a seedling tray and fill it with our potting soil.
- Sow the seeds at 1/2 inch (small seeds) or 1 inch depth (big seeds) and water them using our watering can.(Rough watering or exposure to rain may dislocate the seeds and affect germination).
- The soil should be wet and it shouldn't get dry or soggy. Water when the top soil dries out.
- Place the seedling tray in a warm spot (15°C - 21°C) until germination (it will take 4 to 21 days).
- After germination seedlings need a lot of sunlight. Transfer the seedlings to the grow bags when they have 1 - 2 sets of true leaves.
All orders placed (except live plants and bulk fertilizers) will be shipped within 24 hours (except on Sundays). Orders placed before 9am will be shipped the same day.
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Orders below ₹499 will incur a modest ₹49 shipping cost.
All orchids, fruit plants and flower plants ship for FREE. Please note that we might need up to 5-7 business days to properly prepare the plants and ship them.
Bulk fertilizers are also shipped for free.
Products will be shipped via DTDC, Delhivery or India Post and will be delivered within 5-7 business days.
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Plants have sprouted from seeds and waiting for the beans to arrive in the next 30 days or so.