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The long melon is colloquially referred to as "Kakri." It is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family and is botanically known as Cucumis melo. It is indigenous to India. It produces fruits with a light green hue and smooth skin, and white flesh. It is usually eaten raw with salt and pepper as a salad. Since the fruit has a cooling effect, it is primarily consumed during the summer season. It is grown in a range of soil types, from sandy loam to thick soil with an excellent drainage system. 5.8-7.5 is an ideal pH range for crop cultivation.
Benefits/Uses of Long Melon
- It is often consumed to combat the heat and also acts as a detoxifier.
- It provides the body with a healthy dose of essential vitamins such as A, C, and B that help the body resist cancer-causing agents.
- Assists in weight loss
- Provides an ample supply of minerals that are beneficial to the skin, such as magnesium, potassium, and silicon, among others
- For people with diabetes, long melon is a preferred recommendation.
Specifications of Long Melon Seeds
Kakri, Long melon
Watering a week thrice in the evening.
15 to 40-degree Celsius.
Well-drained, soil temperature 65 deg
60-70 days, summer
No. of seeds
Planting and Care for Long Melon
Sowing White Long Melon Seeds
- Until sowing seeds, excavate the soil and amend it with organic fertilizer and manure in the proportions of 50% soil, 20% peat moss, or 30% vermicompost, and thoroughly mix the mixture properly in a grow bag.
- After completing the preceding stage, moisten the soil.
- Sprinkle seeds and a small amount of water over the seeds and cover with soil/wet newspaper/tissue.
- Continue testing the soil every two days and sprinkling water if the soil seems to be drying out.
- After about a week or ten days, seeds can begin to germinate.
- In the second week of germination, the first two leaves will appear. These are cotyledons or false leaves.
- At the end of the second week, the first leaves will appear above the cotyledons.
- From the second week on, seedlings will begin to develop into small plants.
Growing Long Melon
- When the plant reaches 2 inches, divide it into individual plants, taking care not to disturb the soil.
- When separating the plant from the soil, take care not to harm the roots.
- After removing seeds, replant them four to five inches apart.
- Water them after replanting.
- Within 20 days, provide organic manure vermicompost and fertilizer to the plants.
- Utilize fertilizer during the budding stage and reduce the irrigation period.
- Adhere to all of these measures to improve your plants' growth and fruiting potential.
Harvesting Long Melon
- Long melons are usually able to harvest 40-50 days after sowing.
- Long melon harvesting season can last up to three months.
- In the second month (40 to 50 days after sowing), the long melon climber will begin flowering. After 40-50 days of seed sowing, you can begin harvesting raw cucumber fruits. Harvesting will continue for the consecutive three months.
Precautions while growing Long Melon
Additionally, excessive watering or poor soil drainage may cause plants to wilt and die. The water saturates the soil, obstructing the roots' ability to absorb oxygen. The plant cannot live without access to oxygen and other gases present in the soil.
Long melon plants need direct sunlight. As a result, your raised bed should be constructed in a bright, sunny place. Maintain the long melon container in direct sunlight.
Techniques of irrigation: In the summer, water your potted long melon plant daily. Soak the soil around the plant in water. Utilize a watering can to ensure that the plants receive water through the shower and not a single flow. Additionally, you can provide irrigation for your raised beds by using a drip irrigation system.
Manuring: Before seeding, amend the soil with high-quality organic manure in a 2:1 ratio. Organic manure includes decomposed cow dung, farmyard manure, compost, and Vermicompost.
Hand pollination of flowers: Dust 'pollens' from male flowers on the 'stigma' of female flowers using a painting brush or cotton bud. It will increase overall long melon demand. This step is optional.
Common Problems affecting Long Melon Plants and Solutions
When your long melon climber reaches 45 days of age, apply one tablespoon of Pseudomonas Fluorescens Bio Fertilizer, Azospirillum Nitrogen Fixing Biofertilizer fertilizer per plant or incorporate a handful of Vermicompost into the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always be on the lookout for early signs of insect/fungal/other infection. As soon as any signs of such diseases are noticed, administer effective medications like bio pest control. When plants are young, keep an eye out for Powdery Mildew.
No. of Long Melon Seeds - 50+
- Mix 10 grams of pseudomonas powder in water and make it as a loose paste.
- Add the seeds to the solution and soak it for 30 minutes.
- Take a seedling tray and fill it with our potting soil.
- Sow the seeds at 1/2 inch (small seeds) or 1 inch depth (big seeds) and water them using our watering can.(Rough watering or exposure to rain may dislocate the seeds and affect germination).
- The soil should be wet and it shouldn't get dry or soggy. Water when the top soil dries out.
- Place the seedling tray in a warm spot (15°C - 21°C) until germination (it will take 4 to 21 days).
- After germination seedlings need a lot of sunlight. Transfer the seedlings to the grow bags when they have 1 - 2 sets of true leaves.
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