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Soybean, Glycine max, is an annual herbaceous plant in the Fabaceae family cultivated for its edible seeds. Typically, the soybean bush is an upright shrub with woody stems and alternately arranged leaves. The leaves are composed of three distinct leaflets that are oval or lance-shaped and grow to a length of 3–10 cm. The soybean plant produces tiny white or purple flowers and curved seed pods containing between one and five seeds. The seeds may be yellow, green, brown, black, or a mottled mix of these colors. Soybean is an annual plant that grows for just one season and reaches heights of 0.2–1.5 meters.
Soybean seeds can be used to produce flour, dairy alternatives such as milk, margarine, yogurt, and meat alternatives such as veggie burgers. Both seeds and pods may be used to extract oil, and the by-product of the extraction is used as animal feed. The oil extracted from the plant is used in various items, including paint, linoleum, and soap. Soybean is also a cover crop that is cultivated for animal fodder or hay.
Soybeans are used in various applications, including soy milk, soy sauce, and soy oil, and there are lots of ways to add them into your diet.
Benefits/Uses of Soya Beans
- Prolongs the life of your skin Gaining Weight and Raising Cholesterol Levels
- Reduce Your Chances of Developing Hormone-Dependent Cancer
- Control Diabetes
- Boost the Strength of Your Hair
- Promote cardiovascular health
- Prevent Women's Bone Diseases
- Treating Sleep Disorders and Anxiety
Specifications of Soya Beans Seeds
15 to 25 inches of water
October - November
No. of seeds
Planting and Care for Soya Beans
Sowing Soya beans seeds
Maintain an even moisture level in planting beds before soybeans break through the soil. Regular watering is necessary during flowering and pod forming. Avoid overhead watering, which can result in the loss of flowers and pods. Mulch when the soil temperature rises above 16°C to preserve moisture. Before planting, amend planting beds with aged compost. At mid-season, side-dress soybeans with aged compost. Avoid fertilizing planting beds with nitrogen-rich fertilizers. Soybeans, like other legumes, establish a mutually beneficial relationship with soil microorganisms known as nitrogen-fixing bacteria to generate the nitrogen compounds needed by the plant.
Growing Soya Beans
A range of pH between 5.8 and 6.2 is optimal. The best soil is well-drained and wet. For every 3m of a row, use 1 cup of full organic fertilizer. Nitrogen overload in fertilizer or manure is often to blame for weak pod set and delayed maturity. If beans flower but does not set pods, a zinc deficiency may be the cause. Consider applying a kelp-based fertilizer to the plants. Diseases thrive on wet leaves on crowded plants. Thin plants to improve air circulation and prevent touching wet leaves.
Harvesting Soya Beans
When the pods are fresh, full, and plump, harvest soybeans are usually 5-7cm long and about half mature. Soybeans are ready for harvest 45 to 65 days after sowing for shelling and new use. Dry soybeans take at least 100 days to mature. Soybeans mature simultaneously; harvest the entire plant and hang it upside down to dry. Once the pods are fully dry, shell the beans.
Soybeans should not be eaten raw as they contain trypsin inhibitors that hinder protein digestion. Blanch green soybeans for a few minutes in boiling water before plunging them into an ice-water bath. Before eating, cook sprouted beans for at least 5 minutes.
Precautions while growing Soya Beans
Avoid handling soybeans that are damp or heavily dew-covered; this can result in fungus spores. Maintain weed-free planting beds; cultivate carefully around soybeans to avoid disturbing the plant's shallow root system. Mulch to retain moisture in the soil until it has warmed. Rotate soybeans and other legumes into the soil to add nitrogen.
Container cultivation. Although soybeans can be grown in containers up to 8 inches deep, the amount of space needed to produce a harvestable crop makes them an unsuitable crop for container growing.
Common Problems affecting Soya Beans plants and solutions
Blight caused by bacteria Pseudomonas syringae causes water-soaked spots on leaves that expand and become necrotic; lesions coalesce and gives the plant a burned appearance; dead leaves remain attached to the plant; oval, sunken, red-brown lesions on pods may be present; pod lesions may ooze under humid conditions.
Pustule bacillary the pathogen Xanthomonas campestris feeds on both upper and lower leaf surfaces, tiny pale green spots with raised centers grow into raised pustules; pustules typically form in lesions on the lower leaf surface; mottled brown areas may develop on leaves if lesions coalesce; small red-brown spots may develop on some varieties' pods.
Stem rot of Rhizoctonia Rhizoctonia solani causes damping-off of seedlings by girdling the stem with red-brown lesions; lesions or cankers may also be present on the stem of older plants, resulting in the plant's mid-season death.
Rust on soybeans exhibits the following symptoms: Gray or reddish-brown water-soaked spots on leaves that turn tan to dark reddish-brown lesions can also occur on stems, petioles, and pods; lesions include volcano-shaped uredinia (spore-producing structures); plants drop leaves and mature prematurely. Warm temperatures and periods of high humidity favor the production of rust.
The stem rot of Sclerotinia Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causes the plant's upper leaves to wilt and die; leaves turn a gray-green color and dry out; water-soaked lesions on stem nodes change color from tan to white; lesions can girdle the stem, allowing infection to spread to side branches and pods; cottony white mycelial growth occurs on all infected plant sections.
Downy mildew causes yellow or pale green spots on the upper surfaces of leaves that expand and coalesce into yellow patches; lesions can turn gray-brown to dark brown with a yellow margin; fuzzy tufts of gray-purple mold grow on lesions on the underside of leaves; pod infection may result in seeds being covered in masses of white mycelia despite the pods exhibiting no external symptoms.
Rot caused by the fungus Phytophthora Phytophthora megasperma causes susceptible soybean varieties to have water-soaked stems and yellowing leaves; yellowing occurs between leaf veins and along leaf margins; upper leaves of the plant become chlorotic and wilted, and resistant soybean varieties can exhibit stunted growth and mild yellowing.
Armyworms, Beet armyworm larvae that feed on soybean leaves, and cucumber beetles are among the insects that attack the plant.
The following steps must be taken as a management strategy:
- Before the appearance of symptoms, spray plants with an effective copper-based fungicide.
- Prior to planting, treat seeds with an effective fungicide; plant less susceptible soybean varieties; plant only in well-draining soils.
- Plant rust-resistant soybean varieties; foliar fungicide applications can assist in disease control.
- Soybeans should not be planted in fields previously cultivated with common beans, sunflowers, or other susceptible crops; Plants should be spaced closely together; Stop overwatering plants after they have finished flowering; cultivate disease-resistant soybean varieties.
- Grow disease-resistant soybean varieties - verify that the variety is resistant to all races of fungus found in the field; pre-treat seeds with an effective fungicide prior to planting; plant soybean in well-drained soil.
No. of Soya Beans Seeds - 20
All grow bags from Seed 2 Plant have a 5 years replacement guarantee. Yes, you heard that right. We are 100% sure about the quality of our grow bags that we offer no questions asked 5 years replacement guarantee.
If one of our grow bags got damaged under normal use within a 5 years period, you can contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org and ship the damaged grow bag. We'll replace the grow bag and the shipping cost will be refunded too.
How are we sure that our grow bags will last 5 years?
- Our grow bags are made of thick 220 gsm HDPE material.
- All our grow bags are UV treated, which means even exposed to strong sun rays, will not damage the product.
- Our stitching is unmatched. We make sure that each grow bags undergoes strict QA process before being sent to you.
All orders placed will be shipped within 24 hours (except on Sundays). Orders placed before 12pm will be shipped the same day.
Shipping is free for all orders above ₹999
Orders below ₹999 will incur a modest ₹69 shipping cost.
Products will be shipped via BlueDart, Delhivery or India Post and will be delivered within 5-7 business days.
COD is available PAN India for orders above ₹499 and only for selected non-perishable products. Extra COD charge will apply.
Now little pit 2 leaf come
No sooner than I received the seeds about 4 days back, I planted the seeds and about 50% have sprouted and some more are in the offing.
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